You may be considered a Minnesota resident for tax purposes under the 183-day rule, even if you have permanent residency in another state. Under this rule, you are considered a Minnesota resident for tax purposes if both of the following conditions apply:
You spend at least 183 days in Minnesota during the year. Any part of a day counts as a full day.
You or your spouse rent, own, maintain, or occupy an abode. An abode is a residence in Minnesota suitable for year-round use and equipped with its own cooking and bathing facilities.
If you meet the first condition of the 183-day rule, but the second condition applies for less than the full year, you are considered a part-year resident for the time the second condition applies.
Do I need to file a Minnesota income tax return?
You must file a Minnesota return if your Minnesota gross income meets the minimum filing requirement ($12,400 for 2020). For more information on calculating your Minnesota gross income, see Calculating Minnesota Gross Income.
Are there exceptions to the 183-day rule?
Yes. This rule does not apply if either of the following are true: