Nonresidents Working in Minnesota
If you are required to withhold federal income tax from a nonresident employee’s wages for work performed in Minnesota, you must also withhold Minnesota income tax in most cases.
If your employee is a resident of Michigan or North Dakota, you may not be required to withhold Minnesota income tax from their wages. For details, see Withholding Fact Sheet 20 - Reciprocity - Employee Withholding.
Wages Subject to Minnesota Withholding
Wages are subject to Minnesota withholding if your employee earned them while a Minnesota resident, but received them while a nonresident.
Wages include all income for services performed in Minnesota, including severance pay, equity-based awards, and other non-statutory deferred compensation.
Payments Not Subject to Minnesota Withholding
You do not need to withhold Minnesota income tax for either:
Payments made on the sale of stock purchased through statutory stock options
Payments from qualified deferred compensation plans, including regular defined benefit pensions, 401(k) accounts, IRAs, and 457 plans
These payments are either not considered wages or prohibited from state taxation when paid to nonresidents.
For details, see Fact Sheet 19, Assigning Employee Income to Minnesota.