Apportion the remaining value to all parcels in Minnesota with operating property
Apply equalization, if necessary
Step 1: Estimate the market value of the company
The market value is the value of the entire company’s property, functioning as a single unit. We consider all approaches of value to determine their validity relating to the specific property being valued.
Cost approach: Based on the principal of substitution, a buyer will not pay more for a property than the cost of a satisfactory replacement.
To calculate this, we take the restated cost and subtract depreciation of the railroad system. We then add the restated cost of current construction work and a deduction for obsolescence.
Income approach: Converts future anticipated income into present value, based on the assumption that investors will buy and sell property for its future expected income potential. This conversion process is called capitalization.
To calculate this, we:
Take the average of the net railway operating income for five years prior to the assessment. This is given to us by Surface Transportation Board.
Apply the capitalization rate, computed using the Band of Investment method. This method considers equity and debt financing aspects and is a combination of the weighted rates for each aspect.
The table shows an example:
This company used debt for 50% and equity for 50% of its financing.
The company’s cost of debt financing is 10% and the company’s cost of equity financing is 12%.
Adding the weighted rates of those costs gives the company’s capitalization rate of 11%.
Band of Investment Method
Cost of Financing
Stock and debt indicator approach: Adds a company’s debt to the worth of its stock to establish its property value. We use the stock and debt approach for railroads that are publicly traded. Conceptually, the total value of a company’s assets is equal to the total value of its liabilities and stockholder’s equity.
Step 2: Allocate a portion of the value to Minnesota
We allocate a railroad’s unit value to Minnesota based equally on the following information:
Miles of railroad track operated in Minnesota divided by miles of railroad track operated in all the states
Ton miles of revenue freight transported in Minnesota divided by ton miles of revenue freight transported in all the states
Gross revenues from transportation operations within Minnesota divided by gross revenues from transportation operations in all the states
Cost of road property in Minnesota divided by the total cost of road property in all the states
Step 3: Remove locally-assessed and exempt property
We remove locally-assessed property, such as buildings used for general office functions, and exempt property, such as office equipment.
Step 4: Apportion remaining value to all parcels in Minnesota with operating property
After we determine the taxable Minnesota portion of the unit value, we distribute it among the various counties and taxing districts where the company operates.
We use operating land, miles of track, and railroad operating structures to apportion the taxable portion of the unit value to each of these counties and taxing districts.
The apportioned value to each parcel includes the value of land.
Step 5: Apply equalization, if necessary
We apply equalization, if necessary. If a county's commercial/industrial sales ratio is out of compliance, we apply an equalization factor to the apportioned values within that county.